A little tutorial for people willing to install Wine32 on a 64 bits Debian based Linux distribution.
TLDR (i.e short version)
As root type the following commands:
# dpkg --add-architecture i386 # apt update # apt install wine32
When installing a 64 bits Debian based distribution on a 64 bits Intel/AMD computer, you end up with apt (the Debian package manager) configured to install only 64 bits packages on your system; which makes sense in most cases.
To know whether you are running a 32bits or a 64bits OS, run the
following command (
x86_64 mean 64bits):
$ lscpu | grep Architecture Architecture: x86_64
Now we will need to perform of few commands as root, so let's switch to a root session:
$ sudo -i [sudo] password for <your-username>:
Let's update the
apt cache, look at what packages starting with
wine we have:
# apt update && apt list "wine*" Hit:1 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye InRelease Hit:2 http://deb.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security InRelease Hit:3 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates InRelease Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree... Done Reading state information... Done All packages are up to date. Listing... Done wine-binfmt/stable 5.0.3-3 all wine64-preloader/stable 5.0.3-3 amd64 wine64-tools/stable 5.0.3-3 amd64 wine64/stable 5.0.3-3 amd64 wine/stable 5.0.3-3 all
We can see that
apt only shows us
wine64-* packages, as well as
wine wrapper package, which depends on either
wine32, as we can see on the output of next command:
# apt info wine Package: wine Version: 5.0.3-3 Built-Using: khronos-api (= 4.6+git20180514-2), unicode-data (= 13.0.0-2) Priority: optional Section: otherosfs Maintainer: Debian Wine Party <firstname.lastname@example.org> Installed-Size: 196 kB Provides: wine Depends: wine64 (>= 5.0.3-3) | wine32 (>= 5.0.3-3), wine64 (<< 5.0.3-3.1~) | wine32 (<< 5.0.3-3.1~) Suggests: q4wine, winbind, winetricks, playonlinux, wine-binfmt, dosbox (>= 0.74-4.2~), exe-thumbnailer | kio-extras Breaks: wine-stable (<< 3.0.1ubuntu1~) Replaces: wine-stable (<< 3.0.1ubuntu1~) Homepage: https://www.winehq.org Tag: game::TODO, interface::graphical, interface::x11, role::metapackage, role::program, scope::application, uitoolkit::TODO, use::TODO, use::converting, use::gameplaying, use::simulating, x11::application Download-Size: 136 kB APT-Sources: http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main amd64 Packages Description: Windows API implementation - standard suite
So let's suppose we have an old 32bits Windows binary, that we would
like to run on our 64bits Debian. We need to install the
dpkg allow us to install packages for "foreign
architectures", which means non-default architectures (i.e Linux
64bits) in our case. So we need to instruct these tools to allow us to
install 32bits packages.
Here's how to check what currently foreign architectures are configured:
# dpkg --print-foreign-architectures
An empty output, means that no foreign architectures have been setup.
So let's add the i386 architecture to our system, and check that it has been properly taken into account:
# dpkg --add-architecture i386 && dpkg --print-foreign-architectures i386
Now let's check, what version of wine we can install:
# apt update && apt list "wine*" Hit:1 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye InRelease Get:2 http://deb.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security InRelease [48.4 kB] Hit:3 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates InRelease Get:4 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main i386 Packages [8122 kB] Get:5 http://deb.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security/main i386 Packages [228 kB] Get:6 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates/main i386 Packages [15.1 kB] Fetched 8414 kB in 4s (2030 kB/s) Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree... Done Reading state information... Done All packages are up to date. Listing... Done wine-binfmt/stable,stable 5.0.3-3 all wine32-preloader/stable 5.0.3-3 i386 wine32-tools/stable 5.0.3-3 i386 wine32/stable 5.0.3-3 i386 wine64-preloader/stable 5.0.3-3 amd64 wine64-tools/stable 5.0.3-3 amd64 wine64/stable 5.0.3-3 amd64 wine/stable,stable 5.0.3-3 all
Now we can install
wine32 (beware! it will pull a whole lot of
# apt install wine32 ...
We can now run the 32bits version of wine.
# wine --version wine-5.0.3 (Debian 5.0.3-3)